Differences between FTL and LTL

Learn the difference between LTL and FTL shipments to decide which option is best for your business.

LTL vs FTL: The Basics

The biggest difference between LTL vs FTL is that LTL (Less than Truckload) shipments have multiple shippers on a single truck, and FTL (Full Truckload) shipments have only one shipper on a single truck. Generally, LTL shipments are smaller than FTL – usually fewer than 12 pallets.

A common misconception is that FTL shipments take up the full truck. However, there are instances when a merchant may choose to transport a smaller shipment via FTL. Below, we’ve outlined the five key differences between LTL vs FTL to help you decide which freight shipping method is best for you.

LTL vs FTL: Five Key Differences

1. Dedicated Space and Service

The main characteristic of LTL shipments is that multiple shippers are aggregated together on a single truck. This means that the space and the drivers’ time is split among many different shipments. LTL networks are very efficient, but you cannot control how your shipment will be prioritized among the many others you’re sharing a truck with.

2. Touchpoints in Transit

FTL shipments have a single origin and single destination, otherwise known as a dedicated lane. Your shipment stays on the same truck from the moment it leaves its departure destination to the moment it arrives at its destination.

LTL shipments, on the other hand, stop at several hubs as they move through the network. Your product will be moved between trucks at several of these hubs. Every time your product is moved presents a new opportunity for it to be damaged, so often high-value or delicate products will be shipped via FTL.

3. Tracking and Visibility

Order tracking is important to consumers and merchants alike in today’s digital-first economy. LTL shipments typically offer full order tracking and visibility while the shipment is in transit.

FTL shipments, on the other hand, have scheduled pickup and dropoff times, but they do not usually support tracking while in transit. Since the driver(s) have a single shipment and are on a dedicated lane, their privacy is of utmost importance. Any updates on the shipment’s location must be gathered through direct contact with the freight provider.

4Time in Transit

Time in Transit (TNT) refers to the amount of time a shipment spends being transported to its destination point. A lower TNT means the product gets to its destination faster and emits less carbon to get there.

Because FTL shipments have a dedicated lane (a straight shot between their origin and destination), they also have a lower Time in Transit than FTL shipments.

5. Price

Because LTL shipments share space and labor with other shippers, they are typically less expensive than FTL. When transporting smaller freight shipments, it’s important to know if price or service is ultimately more important to your business.

Merchants may choose pay more to ship via FTL over LTL in the following instances:

  • Their products high value or very fragile
  • They’re shipping on a tight timeline
  • They need a scheduled pickup or delivery time

Freight shipping is complicated, but ChinaDivision is here to help. To learn more about freight shipping – from Ocean to final mile – check out our complete guide. For monthly supply chain insights and tips, sign up for our newsletter.

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